Descriptive design research

Quantitative Research Design - University of Minnesota Duluth

Can utilize existing data while at the same time generating and testing a grounded theory approach to describe and explain the phenomenon under study.A blueprint of the procedure that enables the researcher to maintain control over all factors that may affect the result of an experiment.Think of the exploratory questions in your survey as expanding your understanding of the people you are surveying.They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures.Because cross-sectional designs generally use survey techniques to gather data, they are relatively inexpensive and take up little time to conduct.

For example, with longitudinal surveys, the same group of people is interviewed at regular intervals, enabling researchers to track changes over time and to relate them to variables that might explain why the changes occur.Since there are predefined categories a respondent must choose from, it is considered descriptive research.Maintaining the integrity of the original sample can be difficult over an extended period of time.Bethesda, MD: Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health, 2010Creswell, John W.Historical sources can be used over and over to study different research problems or to replicate a previous study.Original authors bring their own perspectives and biases to the interpretation of past events and these biases are more difficult to ascertain in historical resources.While longitudinal studies involve taking multiple measures over an extended period of time, cross-sectional research is focused on finding relationships between variables at one moment in time.Observation research designs account for the complexity of group behaviors.

A meta-analysis needs to fulfill the following requirements to ensure the validity of your findings.Design lacks rigorous standards applied to methods of data gathering and analysis because one of the areas for exploration could be to determine what method or methodologies could best fit the research problem.The case study research design is also useful for testing whether a specific theory and model actually applies to phenomena in the real world.This is a collaborative and adaptive research design that lends itself to use in work or community situations.It can be difficult to show more than one variable at a time.Can provide stronger, more robust evidence to support a conclusion or set of recommendations.Descriptive research takes up the bulk of online surveying and is considered conclusive in nature due to its quantitative nature.

Descriptive Statistics - Social Research Methods

Reliability of data is low because seeing behaviors occur over and over again may be a time consuming task and are difficult to replicate.The protocol is iterative or cyclical in nature and is intended to foster deeper understanding of a given situation, starting with conceptualizing and particularizing the problem and moving through several interventions and evaluations.Using a quantitative framework, a sequential study generally utilizes sampling techniques to gather data and applying statistical methods to analze the data.

Introduction This unit introduces on particular type of descriptive design: qualitative.Most social scientists seek causal explanations that reflect tests of hypotheses.Lack of information can severely limit the type of analyzes and conclusions that can be reached.The cross-sectional design can only measure differences between or from among a variety of people, subjects, or phenomena rather than a process of change.The function of a research design is to ensure that the evidence obtained enables you to effectively address the research problem logically and as unambiguously as possible.

Title: Write up a research design outline (about 2-3 pages) for each article Author: Nelson C.Justification of the techniques used to evaluate the studies.In this case, moving on to study a second or more specific sample can be difficult.Using a qualitative framework, cohort studies generally gather data using methods of observation.

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An observational study allows a useful insight into a phenomenon and avoids the ethical and practical difficulties of setting up a large and cumbersome research project.The goals of exploratory research are intended to produce the following possible insights.FluidSurveys is no longer accepting new signups or payments as of October 1, 2016.The design cannot be used to create conclusions and interpretations that pertain to an entire population because the sampling technique is not randomized.Research that measures risk factors often relies upon cohort designs.Instead, grouping the responses into predetermined choices will provide statistically inferable data.Its focus is on the discovery of ideas and insights as opposed to collecting statistically accurate data.

Experimental research designs support the ability to limit alternative explanations and to infer direct causal relationships in the study.The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed design will achieve the following.Some research problems cannot be studied using an experiment because of ethical or technical reasons.Because the research design can be very complex, reporting the findings requires a well-organized narrative, clear writing style, and precise word choice.

Quantitative Research Designs: Descriptive non-experimental, Quasi-experimental or Experimental?

Analysis can be abstract, argumentative, and limited in its practical application to real-life issues.It is a useful design when not much is known about an issue or phenomenon.Experimental designs can be costly if special equipment or facilities are needed.